Postpartum Birth Control – Types and Side Effects

They all tell you about the days of pregnancy- the first second and the third trimester. However, they seldom tell you about your postpartum body in detail. When you decide to carry a new life inside you, you must be prepared to go through all the changes that your body goes through. Even after childbirth, your body doesn’t stop to change.

Many times women feel that they can’t get pregnant after recently having a baby. Ideally, you must wait for at least 2 years after the delivery of a baby. This does not mean your body will stop its natural reproduction cycle. So if you want to avoid having Irish twins, here is detail information on Postpartum Birth Control – Types and Side Effects.

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

Postpartum Birth Control – Types and Side Effects

Many women live in the misconception that they won’t be feeling “horny” after having a baby. Well, if you thought that too, you are wrong! You will find yourself most aroused after a few weeks of your childbirth. While you may start ovulating sooner, you do not instantly know this. Hence, if you have unprotected sex, there are high chances that you might get pregnant. This is not good for your body as it is still nurturing the newborn baby. Hence, you must start using birth control.

Types of birth control: Which one is right for you?

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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To say that which type of birth control is right, well they all are. However, except for IUD (which can be inserted immediately) you need to wait at least for 4 weeks before using any birth control. Why? Because the first 4-6 weeks is the recovery period for your body.

HORMONAL BIRTH CONTROL

The Pill

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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The most known birth control is the pill. There are 2 kinds of it- combination pills and mini pills.

Combination pills– These come with the combination of estrogen and progestin- Hence the name. They have a weekly supply of placebo pill i.e. the inactive pills. Hence, after having these pills, you will have periods. These are not good if you are nursing.

Mini pillsThese are the progestin-only pills and are good for you if you are nursing. This does not contain a placebo pack.

The Patch (Orthoevra Or Xulane)

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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The patch falls between the pills and the permanent methods. This one is also a combination of estrogen and progestin. You have to apply this patch for 3 weeks on the same day. Above is a pattern in which you must apply the patch.

The Ring (Nuvaring)

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Another put and forget option for you like the patch is the ring. This has a lower amount of hormones but is good to go for 3 weeks. Hence you have to apply it only once in a month. This thickens the cervical mucus, which disables the sperm to reach an egg.

The Implant (Nexplanon)

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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This is an option if you want to have long-term birth control. It is a flexible plastic rod that is inserted in your arm. It is a good option for nursing moms.

The Shot (Depo-Provera)

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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The shot lasts for about 3 months and can be taken immediately of the childbirth. This is a good option if you don’t want to get pregnant any time soon. However, it takes up to 10 months for your cycle to get normal. So immediate conception after you stop taking shots is rare.

The Hormonal Iud

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Breastfeeding-yes

The hormonal IUD releases small amounts of progestin that increases the mucus in your uterus. This does not allow the sperm to reach the egg. This birth control is effective for 3-7 years. So just get it and forget it.

NON-HORMONAL BIRTH CONTROL

The copper IUD

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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If you are looking for a semi-permanent option then this is the one for you. This IUD is made of copper and triggers inflammation that’s unfriendly to sperm. However, it is safe for your pregnancy. The side effects of this are that you might experience some spotting and heavier as well as longer periods.

BARRIER METHODS

Male and female condoms

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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These are by far the most common and cheapest of the birth control that has almost no side effects.

Diaphragm

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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It is a fitted cup used in conjunction with spermicide and inserts to prevent pregnancy. It is fitted to the cervix.

Cervical cap

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Also read: Baby Sleeping Methods for Your Little One

PERMANENT METHOD

Tubal ligation

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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This is a process where you lose your ability to reproduce. In this, the fallopian tubes are either cut, cut and tied or banded.

The Risks- When To Call The Doctor

Postpartum Birth Control - Types and Side Effects

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Even though the risks associated with these birth control methods are minor, you can have blood clotting if you do it immediately after the birth (for hormonal birth control- pill, patch, and ring).

Some symptoms that require immediate response and should never be neglected are:

  • Swelling in one or both legs
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tenderness or pain or your leg is warm to the touch
  • Chest pain

In IUD:

  • Expulsion
  • Sharp, severe abdominal pain
  • Bleeding while you urinate
  • Bad-smelling discharge
  • Pain during sex
  • You can’t feel your IUD strings
  • IUD’s string feels longer

Also read: Pregnancy Guide: What Is Postpartum Hair Loss And 6 Helpful Tips To Tackle It

These were the Postpartum Birth Control – Types and Side Effects. Although we tried to cover every side effect, if you experience anything else that’s doesn’t seem normal, please see your doctor immediately. You know your body well, so catch the response it gives.

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